In the following Scriptures it is totally clear and apparent that humans, animals, sea creatures and all flying creatures are souls, and do not have souls. From the Scriptures below you will see that a soul can eat and can be eaten.

In many translations of the Bible the word soul has been replaced by other words causing wrong interpretations.




2 CORINTHIANS 13:5 & 6

5 KEEP TESTING WHETHER YOU ARE IN THE FAITH, KEEP PROVING WHAT YOU YOURSELVES ARE. OR DO YOU NOT RECOGNISE THAT JESUS CHRIST IS IN UNION WITH YOU? UNLESS YOU ARE DISAPPROVED! 6 I TRULY HOPE THAT YOU WILL COME TO KNOW WE ARE NOT DISAPPROVED. (The onus is on each and every person to frequently ensure that they are endeavouring to persevere in doing Jehovah God’s EXPLICIT will to the best of their ability! They must ENSURE that they are in Jehovah God’s ONE and ONLY TRUE FAITH!)

All remarks in Italics are also pertinent to the other subjects that have been or will be discussed, and also relevant to the Scripture that is being given now and those given later.


It depends on you to ensure that what is written above is true or not. The eternal lives of YOU and YOUR loved ones are dependent on learning the truth. It is imperative that many Scriptures in the Bible are read more than once, and in conjunction with the other Scriptures, to really evaluate the true meanings. When all the Scriptures below are taken in total context, then all doubt will be removed.

Firstly I consider it VERY important to write that:

A soul is a combination of a person and a body. The “person” is also often referred to in the Bible as the “spirit”.

An example would be that when a person is truly motivated and has conviction then that person is referred to as having “spirit”. A person that tends to have a hasty temper is also considered to have a “fiery spirit” In the two examples the “person” is actually being spoken about.

Our Creator, Jehovah God, is a Soul, being the combination of His Person, the Holy Spirit, and His Spiritual Body. Yes, Jehovah God is also a Soul! Matthew 12:18 states:

“Look! My servant whom I chose, my beloved, whom my soul approved! I will put my spirit upon him, and what justice is he will make clear to the nations.

The angels are all souls with the combinations of their persons and their spiritual bodies.

The humans are all souls with the combinations of their persons and their physical and fleshly bodies.

The animals and all other earthly creatures are all souls with the combinations of their persons and their physical and fleshly bodies.

With that said it must be more specifically defined.

Considering the human species only, the “person” is the driving force with all the thinking abilities and reasoning powers. All feelings, emotions, and senses experienced by the physical fleshly bodies are sent via the nervous system to the “person” who makes the necessitated adjustments or reactions.

Similarly, all instructions that the “person” requires the physical fleshly body to perform are also sent via the nervous system, and the necessitated actions are performed.

When the “spirit” or “person” is removed from the body with the advent of death, then the “person” only remains in Jehovah God’s Memory until the day that the “person” receives judgement for what he or she commanded the “physical fleshly body” to do while alive.

If the “person” is found acceptable to Jehovah God then the “person” will either become one of the Heavenly Class immediately, OR eventually one of the earthly class that will again receive a physical fleshly body after the advent of Armageddon.

If the “person” is found unacceptable to Jehovah God then that “person” will be removed from Jehovah God’s Memory and become totally non-existent.

It is therefore a fact that a dead “soul” has had the combination of the “person” (the you or me) and the “physical fleshly body” (the set of tools that you or I had used to perform our wishes) separated. James 2:26 states:

“Indeed, as the body without spirit is dead, so also faith without works is dead.”

Let us have a look at a few Scriptures from the Bible:

Genesis 1:20 – 21

And God went on to say: “Let the waters swarm forth a swarm of living souls and let flying creatures fly over the earth upon the face of the expanse of the heavens.” 21 And God proceeded to create the great sea monsters and every living soul that moves about, which the waters swarmed forth according to their kinds, and every winged flying creature according to its kind. And God got to see that [it was] good. (In the earlier editions of the Afrikaans Bible in South Africa the word “soul” has been replaced so as to indicate that only humans “HAVE” souls, although worldwide it is mostly believed that humans alone “HAVE” “souls” and ARE NOT  “souls”.)

Genesis 1:24

And God went on to say: “Let the earth put forth living souls according to their kinds, domestic animal and moving animal and wild beast of the earth according to its kind.” And it came to be so.

Genesis 1:30

And to every wild beast of the earth and to every flying creature of the heavens and to everything moving upon the earth in which there is life as a soul I have given all green vegetation for food.” And it came to be so.

Genesis 2:7

And Jehovah God proceeded to form the man out of the dust of the ground and to blow into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man came to be a living soul.

Genesis 2:19

Now Jehovah God was forming from the ground every wild beast of the field and every flying creature of the heavens, and he began bringing them to the man to see what he would call each one; and whatever the man would call it, each living soul, that was its name.

Genesis   9:4

Only flesh with its soul – it’s blood – you must not eat. (We do not eat humans so I am absolutely convinced that all creatures ARE also “souls”.)

Genesis 9:10

And with every living soul that is with you, among fowls, among beasts, and among all living creatures of the earth with you, from all those going out of the ark to every living creature on earth.”

Genesis 9:12 & 15

12. And God added: “This is the sign (Rainbow) of the covenant that I am giving between me and you and every living soul that is with you, for the generations to time indefinite. 15. And I shall certainly remember my covenant which is between me and you and every living soul among all flesh; and no more will the waters become a deluge to bring all flesh to ruin. (What would Jehovah God’s promise be worth if He eventually intended to destroy all flesh by some or other means?)

Genesis   9:16

And the rainbow must occur in the cloud, and I shall certainly see it to remember the covenant to time indefinite between God and every living soul among all flesh that is upon the earth.”

Genesis 12:13

“Please say you are my sister, in order that it may go well with me on your account, and my soul will be certain to live due to you.”

Gen 19:17 – 19

17. And it came about that, as soon as they had brought them forth to the outskirts, he began to say: “Escape for your soul! Do not look behind you and do not stand still in all the District! Escape to the mountainous region for fear you may be swept away!” 18. Then Lot said to them “Not that please, Jehovah! 19 Please, now, your servant has found favour in your eyes so that you are magnifying your loving-kindness, which you have exercised with me to preserve my soul alive, but I – I am not able to escape to the mountainous region for fear calamity may keep  close to me and I certainly die.”

Genesis 37:21

When Reuben heard this he tried to deliver him out of their hand. So he said: “Let us not strike his soul fatally.” (It is here confirmed that the soul is MORTAL and not immortal.)

Exodus 12:4

But if the household proves to be too small for the sheep, then he and his neighbour close by must take it into his house according to the number of souls; you should compute each one proportionate to his eating as regards the sheep.

Exodus 12:16

And on the first day there is to take place for YOU a holy convention, and on the seventh day a holy convention. No work is to be done on them. Only what every soul needs to eat, that alone may be done for YOU.

Leviticus 7:26 & 27

26. “and you must not eat any blood in any places where you dwell, whether that of fowl or that of beast. 27 Any soul that eats any blood, that soul must be cut off from his people.”

Leviticus 11:10

And everything in the seas and the torrents that has no fins and no scales, out of every swarming creature of the waters and out of every living soul that is in the waters, they are a loathsome thing to you.

Leviticus 11:43 – 46

43 Do not make YOUR souls loathsome with any swarming creature that swarms, and YOU must not make yourselves unclean by them and actually get unclean by them. 44 For I am Jehovah YOUR God; and YOU must sanctify yourselves and YOU must prove yourselves holy, because I am holy. So YOU must not make YOUR souls unclean by any swarming creature that moves upon the earth. 45 For I am Jehovah who is leading YOU up out of the land of Egypt to prove myself God to YOU; and YOU must prove yourselves holy, because I am holy. 46 “‘This is the law about the beast and the flying creature and every living soul that moves about in the waters and concerning every soul that swarms upon the earth,

Leviticus 17:10 – 15

10 “‘As for any man of the house of Israel or some alien resident who is residing as an alien in YOUR midst who eats any sort of blood, I shall certainly set my face against the soul that is eating the blood, and I shall indeed cut him off from among his people. 11 For the soul of the flesh is in the blood, and I myself have put upon the altar for YOU to make atonement for YOUR souls, because it is the blood that makes atonement by the soul (in it). 12 That is why I have said to the sons of Israel: “No soul of YOU must eat blood nor any resident who is residing as an alien in YOUR midst should eat blood.” 13 “‘As for any man of the sons of Israel or some alien resident who is residing as an alien in YOUR midst who in hunting catches a wild beast or a fowl that may be eaten, he must in that case pour its blood out and cover it with dust. 14 For the soul of every sort of flesh is its blood by the soul in it. Consequently I said to the sons of Israel: “You must not eat the blood of any sort of flesh, because the soul of every sort of flesh is its blood. Anyone eating it will be cut off. 15 As for any soul that eats a body [already] dead or something torn by a wild beast, whether a native or an alien resident, he must in that case wash his garments and bathe in water and be unclean until the evening; and he must be clean. (In Verse 12 are the words: “No soul of YOU must eat blood”. If a “soul” can eat blood then that “soul” surely cannot leave the body as soon as death occurs.)

Leviticus 19:28

“‘And YOU must not make cuts in YOUR flesh for a deceased soul, and YOU must not put tattoo marking upon yourselves. I am Jehovah.

Leviticus 20:6

“‘As for the soul who turns himself to the spirit mediums and the professional foretellers of events so as to have immoral intercourse with them, I shall certainly set my face against that soul and cut him off from among his people.

Leviticus 24:17

“‘And in case a man strikes any soul of mankind fatally, he should be put to death without fail.

Deuteronomy 12:15

“Only whenever your soul craves it you may slaughter, and you must eat meat according to the blessing of Jehovah your God that he has given you, inside all your gates. The unclean one and the clean one may eat it, like the gazelle and like the stag.

Deuteronomy 12:23

Simply be firmly resolved not to eat the blood, because the blood is the soul and you must not eat the soul with the flesh.

Psalm 7:5

Let an enemy pursue my soul And let him overtake and trample my life down to the very earth And cause my own glory to reside in the dust itself. Se’lah.

Proverbs 1:19

Thus are the paths of everyone making unjust profit. It takes away the very soul of its owners.

Proverbs 19:2

Also, that the soul should be without knowledge is not good, and he that is hastening with his feet is sinning.

Proverbs 21:23

 He that is keeping his mouth and his tongue is keeping his soul from distresses.

Ecclesiastes 3:19 – 21

19 For there is an eventuality as respects the sons of mankind and an eventuality as respects the beast, and they have the same eventuality. As the one dies, so the other dies; and they all have but one spirit, so that there is no superiority of the man over the beast, for everything is vanity. 20 All are going to one place. They have all come to be from the dust, and they are all returning to the dust. 21 Who is there knowing the spirit of the sons of mankind, whether it is ascending upward; and the spirit of the beast, whether it is descending downward to the earth? (This should be quite a revelation to billions of people. When death occurs there is absolutely no difference as to what happens between humans and other creatures.)

Isaiah 3:9

The very expression of their faces actually testifies against them, and of their sin like that of Sod’om they do tell. They have not hidden [it]. Woe to their soul! For they have dealt out to themselves calamity.

Isaiah 38:17

Look! For peace I had what was bitter, yes, bitter; And you yourself have become attached to my soul [and kept it] from the pit of disintegration. For you have thrown behind your back all my sins.

Ezekiel 13:19

And will YOU profane me toward my people for the handfuls of barley and for the morsels of bread, in order to put to death the souls that ought not to die and in order to preserve alive the souls that ought not to live by YOUR lie to my people, the hearers of a lie?”’

Ezekiel 18:4

Look! All the souls—to me they belong. As the soul of the father so likewise the soul of the son – to me they belong. The soul that is sinning—it itself will die.

Ezekiel 18:20

The soul that is sinning—it itself will die. A son himself will bear nothing because of the error of the father, and a father himself will bear nothing because of the error of the son. Upon his own self the very righteousness of the righteous one will come to be, and upon his own self the very wickedness of a wicked one will come to be.

Ezekiel 33:5 & 6

5 The sound of the horn he heard, but he took no warning. His own blood will come to be upon his own self. And had he himself taken warning, his own soul would have escaped. 6 “‘Now as regards the watchman, in case he sees the sword coming and he actually does not blow the horn and the people itself gets no warning at all and a sword comes and takes away from them soul, for its own error it itself must be taken away, but its blood I shall ask back from the hand of the watchman himself.’

Jonah 1:14

And they proceeded to call out to Jehovah and to say: “Ah, now, O Jehovah, may we, please, not perish because of the soul of this man! And do not put upon us innocent blood, since you yourself, O Jehovah, have done according to what you have delighted in!”

Matthew 12:18

“Look! My servant whom I chose, my beloved, whom my soul approved! I will put my spirit upon him, and what justice is he will make clear to the nations.

Mark 8:35

For whoever wants to save his soul will lose it; but whoever loses his soul for the sake of me and the good news will save it.

Luke 8:55

And her spirit returned, and she rose instantly, and he ordered something to be given her to eat.

Luke 17:33

Whoever seeks to keep his soul safe for himself will lose it, but whoever loses it will preserve it alive.

Acts 20:24

Nevertheless, I do not make my soul of any account as dear to me, if only I may finish my course and the ministry that I received of the Lord Jesus, to bear thorough witness to the good news of the undeserved kindness of God.

Romans 11:3

“Jehovah, they have killed your prophets, they have dug up your altars, and I alone am left, and they are looking for my soul.”

1 Corinthians 15:45

It is even so written: “The first man Adam became a living soul.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

Hebrews 6:18 & 19

18 in order that, through two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled to the refuge may have strong encouragement to lay hold on the hope set before us. 19 This [hope] we have as an anchor for the soul, both sure and firm, and it enters in within the curtain,

Hebrews 13:17

Be obedient to those who are taking the lead among YOU and be submissive, for they are keeping watch over YOUR souls as those who will render an account; that they may do this with joy and not with sighing, for this would be damaging to YOU.

Revelation 8:9

9 and a third of the creatures that are in the sea which have souls died, and a third of the boats were wrecked.